The roofs of such monumental structures as the Grand People’s Study House, the People’s Palace of Culture and the Pyongyang Grand Theatre in Pyongyang have been built in Korean style of architecture.
The traditional Korean-style roofing, which combines various forms in a unique way with the main stress on the gabled roof, can be found in the International Friendship Exhibition House in Mt Myohyang, Kaesong Schoolchildren’s Palace, Koryo Songgyungwan University, and other buildings and rural dwelling houses in different parts of the country.
The roof has its origin in the straw-thatched hut built in the primitive ages to shelter from the rain and wind.
The Korean-style roof started from the two-sides-inclined roof (gabled roof) in the ancient times. It gradually developed into the four-sides-inclined roof without gables. In the period of the Three Kingdoms (277 BC-AD 935) when the first feudal states of Korea—Koguryo, Paekje and Silla—existed, a form of gabled roofs in which the two-sides-inclined roof was combined with the four-sides-inclined roof was created and carried forward.
The Korean-style roofing has been polished up in the protracted period of development in keeping with the aesthetic sense of the Korean nation.
According to the materials and forms and ways of combination, it is subdivided into various styles.
The traditional Korean-style roofing is a simple tiled roof, which is distinguished by elegant and beautiful curved lines.
Today, various forms of roofing come into being along with the development of architecture.
The Korean-style roofing was inscribed on the list of national intangible cultural heritage.
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