KCNA's Detailed Report on Mass Movement Conducted during War
Pyongyang, July 24 (KCNA) -- The Korean Central News Agency (KCNA) Sunday made public a detailed report on the great vitality of the all-people mass movement widely conducted in the front and the rear in hearty response to the appeal of the leader during the 1950-1953 Fatherland Liberation War.
The report said that the heroic servicepersons and civilians of the DPRK opened the roads of victorious advance, vigorously conducting an all-people mass movement in the front and the rear during the fierce war, in hearty response to the appeal of President
Stressing that the wise leadership of
He set forth the basic strategy of the revolutionary war for turning the Fatherland Liberation War into an all-people resistance and defeating the aggressors by the united efforts of the popular masses and made sure that unique mass movements of Korean style were launched on a wide scale to give full play to the strong mental power peculiar to the Korean people.
The radio addresses, delivered by the President to all the Korean people on June 26 and July 8, Juche 39 (1950), made all the people harden their determination to fight for the leader and the country to the last, stirring up the movement of volunteering for military service on the war front.
This all-people movement, vigorously launched at the beginning of the war, gained further momentum day by day, with the number of volunteers reaching more than 1 249 000 in mid-August. It made a great contribution to steadily reinforcing the Korean People's Army (KPA) ranks and increasing its striking power on the front.
With a deep insight into the position of company in increasing the KPA combat ability, the President took the initiative in the model company movement in October 1951, on the basis of the revolutionary work method created during the anti-Japanese war.
The first model company was produced in February 1952 on the occasion of the Day of Army Founding under the meticulous guidance of the great brilliant commander.
The ranks of model companies and model soldiers had rapidly increased with each passing day, bringing up nearly 400 model companies and tens of thousands of model soldiers in the whole army in a matter of one year.
The "My Height" movement, launched by the KPA officers and men on the front to defend the heights of the country at the cost of their lives, true to the militant slogan "Don't give up even an inch of land to the enemy!" set forth by the President, was a manifestation of their noble patriotic spirit and self-sacrificing spirit.
Hero Han Kye Ryol was the pioneer of this movement. In April 1951, he heroically defended a nameless hill with his 12 comrades-in-arms, saying at his last moment that "Height of the country is mine."
The "My Height" movement, conducted by servicepersons themselves, spread to all the frontline units and sub-units from the summer of 1951.
The revenge-register movement was a powerful mass movement launched by the brave KPA soldiers to work off the grudge of fallen comrades-in-arms and civilians during the war.
The flame of the movement was kindled in the company which produced Hero Kang Ho Yong, who threw himself down the group of enemies with a hand grenade in his mouth when he was badly wounded in the battle in February 1951. The movement turned the whole front into a scene of annihilating the enemy.
The movement for winning the "Minchong" weaponry, launched by the KPA in hearty response to the Party's militant call for annihilating more enemies by giving full play to the might of combat weapons, reflects the noble patriotic spirit of the victorious wartime generation.
In April 1951, Hero Jo Kun Sil killed and wounded numerous enemies by pressing the trigger of his heavy machine-gun with his jaw when he was injured in both arms and legs in a battle. The honorable title of "Minchong" was awarded to his heavy machine gun No. 236, and this was the origin of the movement.
Amid the flames of the powerful mass movement, the title of "Minchong" weaponry was awarded to over 3 460 weapons and combat equipment in a year alone.
During the three-year war, the mass movement of patriotism and innovation was vigorously conducted at workplaces and villages to fully display the irresistible might peculiar to heroic Korea.
From the beginning of the war, the civilians in the rear turned out in the mass movement for wartime production under such slogans as "The rear is, as it were, the front!" and "Let us produce and supply, even one bullet and rifle, more and faster for the fighting valiant People's Army soldiers!"
With the single mind to produce and supply more weapons to the KPA soldiers more quickly, the working class across the country conducted various patriotic movements including the multi-machine tending movement, the movement for using time in a rational way, the movement for new creative ideas and the campaign for lowering the production cost.
In the whole period of the war, transport workers waged a vigorous campaign to create new norms in the volume of freight transport and the running distance.
Workers and technicians of the Pyongyang Locomotive Section launched a campaign to reduce the locomotive repair period and carry more goods under the slogan "Let us mobilize all locomotives for the front without stopping!"
A mass movement was briskly launched in the rural areas to ensure the victory in the war with increased food production.
After the first torch of the plow-woman movement in the spring of 1951, the movement developed into a mass movement, with more than 3 650 women in North Phyongan Province and over 2 690 women in South Phyongan Province involved in 1951. The number of those involved in the movement increased to at least 5 000 in Hwanghae Province alone in 1952.
The high-yielding movement, started with the fact that the President highly appreciated a model peasant in Cholwon County of Kangwon Province in August 1950 who made a success in rice farming by improving farming methods and introducing high-yielding seeds, developed into an all-people emulation drive for high-yielding, promoting the wartime increased food production.
A movement for donating funds for weaponry was conducted on a large scale amid the high enthusiasm of all the people.
People from all walks of life took an active part in the movement and, consequently, a lot of cash, grain and precious metals were donated and planes, tanks and warships named after "Rodongja" (worker), "Minchong" (democratic youth), "Taehaksaeng" (university student), "Sonyon" (child) and others were sent to the front.
A campaign for donating relief grains to the front was launched among peasants as a mass patriotic movement. This campaign was originated from the fact that
In South Phyongan Province alone, 6 390 straw-bags of relief grains were donated till late February 1953. All peasants across the country participated in the campaign which lasted for six months from early November 1952 to late April 1953.
The mass movement, which gave full play to the indomitable mental power, ardent patriotism, burning hostility and popular heroism of the army and the civilians who turned out in the do-or-die resistance, rallied as one in mind around the great leader during the war, is shining as the great vitality that brought about the immortal history of victory in the war and made the DPRK always emerge victorious in the course of its development and as a proud national custom to be carried forward forever.