Three Principles of National Reunification


    Kim Jong Il made public a work, titled, Let Us Carry Out the Great Comrade Kim Il Sung’s Instructions for National Reunification”, on August 4, Juche 86(1997).

    In the work he defined the three principles of independence, peaceful reunification and great national unity, the 10-point program of the great unity of the whole nation and the plan for founding the Democratic Federal Republic of Koryo as the three charters for national reunification.

    Three Principles of National Reunification

    In May 3 and November 3 Juche 61(1972), President Kim Il Sung received in Pyongyang the south Korean delegates to the high-level political talks between north and south Korea.

    In his talks with them, he said:

    In order to reunify the country, it is necessary to establish the fundamental principles correctly, which can provide the basis for the solution of the reunification question. This is most important. Only when there are fundamental principles agreed upon by the north and the south, can the two sides make joint efforts for reunification and successfully solve all problems concerning it.

    I believe that our reunification question should on all accounts be settled independently without foreign interference and peacefully on the principle of promoting great national unity.

    First, national reunification should be achieved independently without reliance on outside forces and free from their interference.

    Solving the reunification question independently on the principle of self-determination of the people is the principled stand which has always been maintained by the Government of our Republic.

    If we depend on outside forces we cannot solve this problem. The question of Korean reunification is entirely an internal affair of our country. If we try to solve this internal affair by relying on outside forces instead of settling it on our own, it is shameful for our nation.

    We should not tolerate foreign interference in the internal affairs of Korea under any circumstances. No foreign force has the right to meddle in Korean affairs, and while there is foreign interference the question of national reunification cannot be solved in keeping with the desire and interests of our nation. The reunification of the country should be achieved by the Korean people themselves free from any foreign interference.

    Second, great national unity should be promoted by transcending the differences in ideas, ideals and systems.

    The question of our country’s reunification is not one of who prevails over whom. It is one of attaining the unity of a nation which has been divided by an outside force and achieving national sovereignty. In order to reunify the country, therefore, it is essential to proceed from endeavours to achieve unity between the north and the south and promote great national unity.

    Third, national reunification should be achieved by peaceful means without resorting to arms.

    The north and the south, one and the same nation, must not fight against each other. We must reunify the divided country peacefully without fail. If peaceful reunification fails and another war breaks out in Korea, our nation will suffer catastrophes.

    The three principles of realizing independent reunification without outside interference, achieving great national unity by transcending differences in ideas, ideals and systems, and reunifying the divided land by peaceful means without recourse to armed force, are the starting point of and the basis for the solution of our reunification question.”